MIPIM 2017: European Office Market Report

Every year, BNP Paribas Real Estate publishes the European Office Market Report during MIPIM, presenting the key office and investment market trends in Europe with a focus on 41 cities.


Take-up follows an upward trend

Office take-up in Europe increased in 2016 for the third year in a row, recording the best performance since 2007. Southern European markets such as Milan (-15%) and Madrid (-11%) fell back after an exceptional year in 2015. In contrast, strong national economic fundamentals resulted in German markets reaching a new all-time high with 2.7 million m² transacted in the four main markets. The Central Paris office market finished the year 9% up on 2015, driven by transactions over 5,000 m² (+23%). Central London, the second largest European market, dropped by 17% as many occupiers halted expansion plans after the United Kingdom’s vote to leave the European Union

Office take-up in the main European cities amounted to 11.4 million m² and reflected a rise of +2% compared to 2015, on the back of a recovering labour market.

Vacancy contractions leading to sustained high prime rents

European market vacancy rates kept on shrinking in 2016, led by German cities. Germany is experiencing massive demand and the lack of delivery is resulting in vacancy rates reaching new lows. Central London retains one of the lowest vacancy rates in Europe, but this is starting to rise, prompted by a drop in take-up combined with new supply (+140 bps compared to the end of 2015).

Aymeric Le Roux, Executive Director – International Advisory & Alliances at BNP Paribas Real Estate, said: “A higher aggregate vacancy in some other markets is hiding very low vacancy rates in the most sought-after sectors such as Paris CBD (4.0%), Brussels CBD (4.8%), Dublin CBD (4.5%) or Milan CBD (3.9%).”

In view of this market situation, the combination of growing occupier demand and availability reduction is seeing prime rents rise in most markets including Berlin (+14%), Amsterdam (+5%), Brussels, Luxembourg and Madrid (+4%). Rental growth is also occurring in average rents in many locations. The vacancy rate continued to diminish on average in the main European cities, supported by the combination of growing take-up and low level of completions.


In the wake of 2015, a record year, European commercial real estate investment volumes totalled €230 bn in 2016, down 10% but remaining at historically high levels. Offices represented 46% (€106 bn) in 2016, a rise in the 44% seen in 2015, at the expense of a 6% drop in volumes.

Céline Cotasson-Fauvet, Head of European Analysis at BNP Paribas Real Estate, said: “The share of foreign investors declined in 2016 of which American investments were the most impacted. This shift is not entirely surprising as American investors have predominantly focused on the opportunistic and value-add end of the risk curve. These opportunistic funds have found scarcer opportunities in the markets where they have been particularly active in the last couple of years.”

Central Paris (€15.6 bn) is the number one office investment market in Europe for the first time in the past 10 years, followed by Central London (€15.3 bn). In Paris volumes fell 6%, which was to be expected following 2015’s cyclical high, yet business is sustained and healthy. In London, saw a reduction of 26%. The four main German markets totalled close to €15 bn of office investment. They all generated increases except Berlin, which declined after a historic high reached in 2015. Milan and Madrid, after unprecedented figures recorded in 2015, ended 2016 16% and 7% down, respectively. Triple-digit growth was observed in Prague, Rome, Copenhagen and Warsaw. Amsterdam’s investment market was underpinned by strong economic fundamentals, boosting office investment volumes that rose 68% year-on-year.

Key interest rates posted new records in 2016. German 10-year bund turned negative in Q3 (-0.19%) and landed at 0.11% in Q4. This, combined with high volume of liquidity, tightened prime yields further. For offices, prime yields stood at 4.9 % in Q4 2016 on average among the 41 markets analysed in this report, 30 bp down on Q4 2015.